Quick Answer: What Are The Key Components Of A Healthy Diet?

What are the 9 nutritional components of a healthy diet?

Here are the nine nutrients that every child should be getting on a daily basis:Protein.

Protein helps a child’s body build cells, break down food into energy, fight infection, and carry oxygen.

Carbohydrates.

Fats.

Calcium.

Iron.

Folate..

What is meant by a balanced diet?

A balanced diet contains the proper quantities and proportions of the needed nutrients to maintain good health. It must have balanced amounts in proper proportions of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water intake.

What are the six basic nutrients?

Nutrients are compounds in foods essential to life and health, providing us with energy, the building blocks for repair and growth and substances necessary to regulate chemical processes. There are six major nutrients: Carbohydrates (CHO), Lipids (fats), Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water.

What are the components of a healthy diet?

There are seven essential factors for a balanced diet: carbs, protein, fat, fibre, vitamins, minerals and water. The rough percentage of daily calories that should come from each factor is shown in Table 10.

What are the 3 types of nutrition?

There are seven major classes of nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, fiber, minerals, protein, vitamins, and water.Carbohydrates – our main source of energy.Fats – one source of energy and important in relation to fat soluble vitamins.More items…•

What are the two major types of nutrition?

Nutrition is defined as the process of taking food to carry out different functions of the body needed for the survival of the organisms. The two main type of nutrition is autotrophic and heterotrophic.

What a human body needs daily?

The six essential nutrients are vitamins, minerals, protein, fats, water, and carbohydrates.

What are the 5 components of a nutritious diet?

Components of a balanced dietCarbohydrates. A vital source of energy, carbohydrates comprises about 60% of an individual’s diet. … Protein. Protein is needed to assist your body to repair cells and make new ones. … Fats. … Vitamins and Minerals. … Water.

What are the 7 food types?

There are seven major classes of nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, dietary fiber, minerals, proteins, vitamins, and water.Carbohydrates.Fats.Dietary Fiber.Minerals.Proteins.Vitamins.Water.

What is the most nutritious food?

The 11 Most Nutrient-Dense Foods on the PlanetSalmon. Not all fish is created equal. … Kale. Of all the healthy leafy greens, kale is the king. … Seaweed. The sea has more than just fish. … Garlic. Garlic really is an amazing ingredient. … Shellfish. Many sea animals are high in nutrients, but shellfish may be among the most nutritious of all. … Potatoes. … Liver. … Sardines.More items…•

What are the 7 nutrients and their functions?

7 Major nutrientsCarbohydrates. Another word for carbohydrate is saccharide or carbs. … Minerals. They are an important part of a healthy diet. … Proteins. They are essential nutrients and the most amazing group of molecules in the human body. … Fats. They are essential to give the body energy and to support cell growth. … Fiber. … Vitamins. … Water.

What is the most important vitamin?

Vitamin B-12 – This is one of the most important essential vitamins. It is a co-enzyme that is vital in the conversion of food to be used as energy.

What are the 6 principles of good menu planning?

To improve food quality, household meals should be planned based on six principles; namely adequacy, balance, calorie (energy) control, nutrient density, moderation and variety.

What are the 3 components of a healthy diet?

A healthy diet has three main areas of concern: food choices, hydration and portion control.

What are 3 things you should consider when making food choices?

The Factors That Influence Our Food ChoicesBiological determinants such as hunger, appetite, and taste.Economic determinants such as cost, income, availability.Physical determinants such as access, education, skills (e.g. cooking) and time.Social determinants such as culture, family, peers and meal patterns.More items…•