Quick Answer: What Causes Hidden Hunger?

Which diseases conditions are attributed to protein energy deficiencies?

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines malnutrition as “the cellular imbalance between the supply of nutrients and energy and the body’s demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance, and specific functions.” The term protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) applies to a group of related disorders that include marasmus, ….

What are the impact of hidden hunger?

Hidden hunger, also known as micronutrient deficiencies, afflicts more than 2 billion individuals, or one in three people, globally (FAO 2013). Its effects can be devastating, leading to mental impairment, poor health, low productivity, and even death.

Which deficiency is called hidden hunger?

Prevalence of hidden hunger Deficiencies of iron, iodine and vitamin A are the most widespread forms of micronutrient malnutrition with public health consequences.

What are the causes of micronutrient deficiency?

Poverty, lack of access to a variety of foods, lack of knowledge of optimal dietary practices and high incidence of infectious diseases are some of the factors which lead to Micronutrient malnutrition.

What is meant by hidden hunger?

Hidden hunger is a lack of vitamins and minerals. Hidden hunger occurs when the quality of food people eat does not meet their nutrient requirements, so the food is deficient in micronutrients such as the vitamins and minerals that they need for their growth and development.

What are biofortified crops?

Biofortification is the process by which the nutrient density of food crops is increased through conventional plant breeding, and/or improved agronomic practices and/or modern biotechnology without sacrificing any characteristic that is preferred by consumers or most importantly to farmers (1).

Who is hungry in the world?

Number of hungry people in the world The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that about 815 million people of the 7.6 billion people in the world, or 10.7%, were suffering from chronic undernourishment in 2016. Almost all the hungry people live in lower-middle-income countries.

Why do we need Biofortification?

The basic goal of biofortification is to reduce mortality and morbidity rates related to micronutrient malnutrition and to increase food security, productivity, and the quality of life for poor populations in developing countries.

What is micro and micronutrients?

Nutrients can be divided into 2 categories: macronutrients, and micronutrients. Macronutrients are those nutrients that the body needs in large amounts. These provide the body with energy (calories). Micronutrients are those nutrients that the body needs in smaller amounts.

How do you fix hidden hunger?

There are a few ways in which hidden hunger can be overcome. First of all, try to avoid eating junk food regularly, as these foods provide little to nutrition. Secondly, a solution has been implemented in many countries not just to curb hidden hunger but also to curb nutritional deficiencies, called fortified food.

Which disease or disorder can result from deficiencies in micronutrients?

Micronutrient deficiency conditions relate to many chronic diseases, such as osteoporosis osteomalacia, thyroid deficiency colorectal cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

What are the major nutritional problem in Nepal?

The consequences of malnutrition are a significant concern for the Government of Nepal, since around 1 million children under 5 years (36 percent) suffer from chronic malnutrition (stunting or low height-for-age) and 10 percent suffer from acute malnutrition (wasting or low weight-for-height) (Ministry of Health (MOH) …